What is Cataract :

Cataract is the cloudiness which appears in the natural lens of the eye primarily as a result of normal ageing process. Due to this the light is scattered when it reaches the retina and visual disturbances occur.

Focus of Light:

Normal Eye

Eye with Cataract

Symptoms: -

Cataract is generally characterized by painless progressive loss of vision.

  1. Cataract is generally characterized by painless progressive loss of vision.

2. Glare and decreased vision in bright sunlight or from incoming headlights

3.Complete loss of vision in advanced stages
4. Sudden increase in the near vision (Some people can read without glasses which was previously not possible)

Treatment: -

  1. Medical – In very early stages some medicines can be given to slow down the progression of the cataract and symptomatic improvement

2. Glasses – In early and moderate cases of cataract, the patients may benefit from change in glasses.

3. Elliptical Phacoemulsification with IOL Implantation – The gold standard of treatment for cataract is the emulsification of the cataractous lens and replacing it with a new prosthetic Intra Ocular Lens (IOL). At BMH, we employ the latest in the technology with Ellips FX technology which helps in reducing the time of the surgery and faster recovery. It is done in majority of the cases without any injection, stitch, or bandage and patients can get back to their normal lives, almost immediately. The post operative vision depends on multiple factors, the biggest one being the choice of the IOL.  They are generally divided into these categories.

  1. Monofocal IOL – In this type of IOL, vision for distance is made better and for near work glasses would be required
  2. Extended Depth Of Focus (EDOF) – The latest in the line up of the IOLs is the EDOF lenses which give excellent vision for distance and intermediate work without the sometimes disturbing effects of the multifocal IOLs
  3. Multifocal IOL – As the name suggests, these IOLs are designed to give the patients good vision at all the 3 distances – distance, intermediate and near
    1. Trifocal – They are the kind of lenses which give excellent distance, intermediate vision and near vision but there may be gaps in between these distances.
    2. Continuous Range of Vision IOLs – The most advanced IOL designed today combines two technologies to give a continuous range of vision over all distances with much reduced glare and haloes at night.
4. Microincision Cataract Surgery (MICS) – The latest innovation that is being offered by the team of Baweja Multispeciality Hospital, is the MICS Cataract Removal System, which is being offered in very places throughout the country. In this a very special machine is used with the help of which the cataract is removed through a small incision measuring less than 1.8mm in length, as opposed to convention 3mm in length.  The smaller incision means faster recovery, less irritation and much less incidence of rare but devastating eye infections.  There are only a handful of Intra Ocular Lenses (IOLs) that can be implanted through the MICS platform.  Please consult your ophthalmologist regarding the same

5. Your doctor will discuss the best IOL for you depending upon your requirements, your job profile and other co existing conditions like diabetes, hypertension etc.